Types of Acne and Its Treatment
It usually looks like small colorless or pinkish pimples all over the skin. It is most often concentrated in the T-zone. In fact, the key element of this problem is the blocked pores. As a rule, this type of acne is found in people whose skin is not updated quickly enough. The upper layers of the epidermis do not have time to peel off. As a result, sebum and dirt accumulate under the skin, which blocks the pores.
Treatment. This type of acne is the easiest to treat. Cosmetic tonics, lotions and other products containing salicylic or glycolic acid are used for milder forms of comedian acne. They exfoliate the upper layer of the skin. In more advanced cases, pharmaceutical creams and ointments with retinoids will help. They improve the regeneration and exfoliation of the skin. In any case, both mild and neglected forms of acne require washing with products specifically designed for cleaning pores twice a day. Also, look carefully at your decorative cosmetics: if you have heavy, oily, clogging pores, creams or makeup foundations, it is better to withdraw them.
Inflammatory acne is characterized as red, inflamed pumps with white or black heads. The causes of such acne can be very different. The main causes are increased sebum production and individual inflammatory reaction of the body to the skin secretions accumulated under the top layer of skin. Inflammatory acne is more likely to affect men and adolescents since elevated testosterone levels increase sebum formation.
Treatment. In mild cases, it is required to clean the skin in the morning and at night with products manufactured to reduce sebaceous glands’ activity. Choose products containing tea tree oil, salicylic acid, or benzoyl peroxide. Benzoyl peroxide has two advantages:
- it kills bacteria that promote inflammation;
- it reduces sebum production opening pores.
Benzoyl peroxide is quite caustic. People with sensitive skin can observe redness, dryness and severe irritation. If this is your case, look for a product with the lowest concentration of benzoyl peroxide.
With more neglected forms of inflammatory acne, a dermatologist prescribes treatment based on the individual characteristics of your skin. If your skin is hypersensitive to benzoyl peroxide, then oral antibiotics and ointments or creams with retinoids or antibiotics may be prescribed. Since the treatment of inflammatory acne takes time, persistent results should be expected no earlier than 2-3 months from the start of treatment. The treatment should be regular.
Cystic acne is characterized by the formation of purulent cysts, resulting in the scars. Acne cysts externally look like formations of red or red-bluish color. They protrude slightly over healthy skin and can be very painful, especially when pressing on a cyst.
Treatment. This is the most severe form of acne, the treatment of which is better to start in a timely manner. One of these drugs is Roaccutane, which suppresses the activity of the sebaceous glands. Roaccutane treatment should be conducted under strict doctor’s supervision. The therapy lasts for about 5-6 months. Despite the potential health risks and possible side effects, this drug is indeed very effective. For many people, it is real salvation, a way to return to active social life. Of course, you can treat cystic acne in other ways, if you are afraid of the side effects of Roaccutane. But in this case, the dermatologist must select the optimal ratio of oral antibiotics and external ointments.
Hormonal acne usually occurs for the first time in women at the age of 30, even in those who managed to overcome adolescence without acne problems. The reason for these unexpected rashes is a decrease in estrogen levels, which in many women begin at this exact age. This type of acne usually appears immediately before, after or during menstruation, on the lower third of the face (around the mouth and on the chin), and U-shaped.
The treatment for this type of acne is to ensure the right balance of hormones. In many cases, oral contraceptives are effective because they supplement the missing hormones. If you are against oral contraception, then testosterone blockers can help solve the problem of hormonal acne.